Highway Research Record

V. TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION
1.PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
ON GOING PROJECTS
Traffic and Transportation Study of Surat City for 2014 AD

Date of Start:March 2004
Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi (R, I)

Present Status and Progress

The study was sponsored by Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) Surat. The study was divided into two parts as follows:

A. Traffic Systems Management Study:

As first part of the study traffic management studies / surveys were conducted such as reconnaissance survey, inventory survey, Intersection study, Parking and Terminal Study, Pedestrian and Bicycle Study etc. The study involved following surveys.

Intersection Study:
As part of this study inventory survey, peak period classified traffic turning movement survey on a normal working day and physical topography survey using ‘Total Station’ instrument were done at selected thirty one intersections. Data of field survey were entered into computers, analysed to drive peak hour traffic volume, composition, turning movements and other traffic and physical characteristics at these intersections. Based on these characteristics, intersection improvement plans for all these intersections were prepared using AUTO CAD for effective traffic management. The plans were discussed with implementing agency and field experiments were also carried out at some of the sites based on requirements. The plans are being implemented for the use of general public.

Parking and Terminal Study:
As part of this study inventory survey and parking survey of passenger and goods vehicles were conducted at selected location for 12 hour duration on a normal working day. Parking survey was also conducted at bus terminal and goods terminals in order to appreciate parking problems and suggest measures to mitigate them. Data of field survey were entered into computers and analysed to derive various parking characteristics such as hourly parking accumulation, peak hour parking accumulation, parking durations and hourly turn over of various passenger and goods vehicles at different locations. Based on physical and parking characteristics of different parking locations the parking management plans and other management measures for all these locations were suggested for effective parking management.

Pedestrian and Bicycle Study:
Pedestrian survey was conducted at selected nine locations (mostly busy intersections). Counts of pedestrians walking along and across the roads were taken during peak periods on a normal working day. Similarly bicycle survey was conducted at selected thirty one intersections. Counts of bicycles were taken for each turning movement at the intersections during peak periods on a normal working day. Data of field survey were entered into computers and analysed to derive various characteristics such as hourly pedestrian volume along and across the roads, peak hour pedestrian volume, directional volume of cycle traffic and peak hour cycle traffic volume at different locations. Based on physical and other passenger and cycle traffic characteristics of different locations appropriate management plans and other traffic management measures were suggested for effective traffic management.

B. Transportation Systems Plan Study:
Field Surveys and studies for this part of the study have been completed. The base year data from field surveys have been entered into computer and analysed to get various socio-economic, travel, traffic and transport characteristics on the road network of Surat. Transport model for the base year have been developed and calibrated. The data is being forecasted for horizon year and planning parameters for horizon year are being developed and collected with the help of client. Based on horizon year travel demand, appropriate road network development plan and transportation system plan will be prepared. The study is expected to be completed by August, 2005.

Findings / Conclusions
Intersections improvement plans and traffic management plans have been prepared based on site conditions, traffic characteristics and IRC guidelines incorporating comments and observations of the implementing agencies and field experiments. Majority of the improvement plans are being implemented at site. Similarly parking and Terminal management plans and other recommendations for their management are also based on site conditions and traffic characteristics of the locations. Pedestrian and bicycle management plan and other recommendations are useful for effective traffic system management if implemented and is expected to increase safety and efficiency of the system.

Limitations
The improvement plans, recommendations for effective traffic system management at intersections, parking locations, terminals and heavy pedestrians and bicycle traffic locations are based on existing traffic characteristics, site and road network conditions and future expected growth of traffic under normal conditions. Any major unexpected change in these conditions may result in traffic problems requiring further study and redesign of the facilities effected.

Recommendations
Integrated transport land use model may be developed to increase the efficiency of the transport system and guide development in line with transport system best suited for the region. Study may also be carried out to develop integrated mass transport system for the region.

Reports and Publications
Final report on Traffic System Management Studies, Volume-1