Highway Research Record

V. TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION
2. SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT
ON GOING PROJECTS
Nationally Coordinated Project – Road Traffic Safety

Date of Start:June 2002
(i) Centre of Transportation Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (R)
(ii) University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, Bangalore University, Bangalore (I)

Present Status and Progress
The Network of Rural (Non – Urban) highways have been identified. Past accident data collection for the network is complete. Data analysis for NH-58, the longest of the selected section is over and accident black spots have been identified. Work of data analysis for other highways and urban areas is in progress.

Findings/ Conclusions
(i) At most of the problem locations the spot speed is high which is a main cause for accidents.
(ii) The pedestrian flow along and across the highway is very high. This is due to ribbon development and roadside shops and      “dhabas” (local hotels) for the convenience of the highway users.
(iii) The shoulders are encroached by the roadside shop owners and effective pavement width is reduced as a result.
(iv) The traffic volume is very high and of mixed type, comprising of animal drawn carts, non-motorised and motorised vehicles. (v) Road Geometry needs to be improved at black spot locations.

Limitations
(i) The conclusions are based on the secondary data. On several occasions the accident is not reported to the authorities and matter is settled mutually. This is a major limitation on accident analysis.

(ii) As the policemen recording the accident is not trained enough to record the accident statistic properly, at times the important information that could be vital for the analysis is missed.

(iii) Uniformity in maintaining the accident data is important that will help to have a better analysis leading to effective corrective measures to mitigate the accidents.

(iv) Policeman attending the accident vaguely mention the accident location whereas knowledge of exact location is important for analysis and counter measure.

Recommendation

The work is in progress.

Reports/ Publications
International Journal

1. Landge V.S., Parida, M., Jain S.S., “Community Participation for Road Safety in India” Municipal Engineer Journal (U.K.) 2005     pp 45-52

International Conference

2. Parida, M Jain S.S., Chauhan, M.P.S., & Landge, V.S., “Identification of Hazardous Location on National Highways”,      International Conference on “Transportation Systems Planning and Operation” (TRANSPO2004) 18th & 20th Feb 2004, IIT      Madras pp 273-279.
3. Landge , V.S. , Parida , M. , Jain, S.S. , “GIS-Based Accident Analysis And Database System For Road Traffic Safety”,      PRITHVI 2005 , International Conference on Environment- Friendly Transportation Thiruvananthapuram Kerala Feb 25-28 ,     2005 pp 45-50.
4. Parida, M, Jain S.S., & Landge, V.S., “GIS As an Aid to Road Traffic Safety Analysis - A Case Study Of Uttaranchal State Of      India”, International Conference on Map Asia 2005 , 22-25 Aug 2005 Indonesia Jakarta.

National Conference
5. Landge, V.S., Jain, S.S., & Parida, M., “Development of a Rational Approach for Study of Road Accidents”, IRC seminar on     “Integrated Development of rural and Arterial Road network for Socio_Economic Growth” Dec 5-6 2003 New Delhi. pp Vol.      II 127-136
6. Jain S.S., Parida, M., Chauhan , M.P.S., & Landge, V.S. “Road Traffic Safety Study - A National Issue”, National Seminar on “     Strategies In Traffic Engineering & Management” (STEM 04) 16th & 17th Feb 04 Bangalore pp 175-185 (Key Note Paper)
7. Landge , V.S. , Parida , M. , Jain, S.S. , “Metropolitan Road Traffic Accidents in India”, National Conference on “Recent     Trends in Highways and Bridges”, (RTHB) Feb. 18-19, 2005 Patiyala pp 121-135
8. Landge, V.S., Jain, S.S., Parida, M., “Identifying accident prone locations on non-urban highways – a case study of national     highway no 58” National Seminar on “Road safety Management”, CIRT Pune 26-27 May 2005 pp 5-12
9. Jain S.S., Parida, & Landge, V.S. “Road Traffic Safety Study For Promotion of Tourism and Industries for Uttaranchal State”     Safety conference organized by Safety and Quality Forum , Institution of Engineers (India) , June 24 , 2005, Dehradun.