Highway Research Record

Transit Oriented Development: A case study, Delhi MRTS

Duration: January 2004 to June 2004
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi (R)

Scope and Objective
The aim of the research is to evolve guidelines for densification along a high capacity traffic corridor (metro corridor) and explores the possibility of transit oriented development for this purpose.
(i) To review the master plan of Delhi and other relevant studies and their provisions in the plans for development alongside a     high corridor.
(ii) To delineate the zone of influence of a high density traffic corridor and nodes in the context of Delhi.
(iii) To understand the relation between transport facility (road capacity, road accessibility, transit capacity and transit capacity)      and land attributes (population, employment).
(iv) To evolve a model depicting the relation between traffic characteristics, dispersal characteristics and land attributes of      nodes of a high capacity corridor.

An extensive literature review was done to study the similar kind of development. The study area was identified based on the influence zone of the metro corridor. The land use parameters were identified for the study area. After analysis of the various primary and secondary data, a model was developed. Then the validation of the model was done on the basis of density checks. Based on the aforementioned study and analysis, scenarios options matrix and guidelines were developed.

Findings and Conclusions
(i) With a maximum population density of 600 PPHA in support of re-densification along the MRTS corridor, it is recommended      that 1.5 km on either side of the transit corridor should be delineated with special development control rules measures.
(ii) This 1.5 km on either side of the high capacity transit corridor should be under the Metro Corridor Planning Unit (MCPU)
(iii) The special regulations proposed in the MCPU area are as follows:
     • FAR residential- 292
     • FAR commercial- 132
     • Plot coverage- 40-60%
(iv) Extensive literature review suggests that developable land at the station can stretch up to a maximum of 75% of the total       land within 1/2 km of the station area with station as the center.
(v) A hierarchy of densification with the highest intensity of development to lowest intensity of development should be      prepared from station areas up to the end of influence area.

Manu Diwedi, “Transit Oriented Development, Case study- Delhi MRTS”, Master’s Thesis (unpublished), Department of Transport Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi, 2004