Highway Research Record

Development of Mode Choice Model for a New Mode (Delhi Metro): A case study on Delhi

Duration:January 2004 to June 2004
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi (R)

Scope and Objectives
(i) To appreciate the transport system characteristics of Delhi and identify factors influencing its usage pattern.
(ii) To review the various mode choice models and identify an appropriate model for estimating demand on a new mode (Delhi      metro)
(iii) To access the socio economic and trip characteristics of the influencing area of metro corridor and evolve a choice set for modeling demand for metro.
(iv) To develop and calibrate a mode choice model for Delhi metro.

Study starts by establishing the need in context of increasing importance of new mode and to predict the demand for new mode accurately and confidently. Study of literature and secondary data has been made with a view to formulating the problem and rationalizing the frame work of study.

Findings and Conclusions

(i) 65% of the total trips on the corridor are work trips.
(ii) Waiting time for Metro is that half of the bus.
(iii) The model replicates the observed amount of travel and model variation with high degree of fidelity.
(iv) The important variables in the mode choice are
      • IVT (in vehicle time)
      • IVC (in vehicle cost)
(v) Probability of the individuals can be found out by simply knowing the transport system and socio- economic variables.
(vi) Demand share is more sensitive to IVT than IVC.
(vii) Demand and share of trips by a particular mode only depends on the characteristics of that mode and the mode and the      best mode available in that next.
(viii) Frequency
(ix) Parking Cost
(x) OVTX (out of vehicle time divided by total trip length)
(xi) IVTX (in vehicle time divided by total trip length
(xii) The model permits us to predict the share of every existing mode, and the effects of the introduction of metro on other      corridors.

Pankaj Kant, “Development of mode choice model for a new mode (Delhi Metro), Case study- Delhi”, Master’s Thesis (unpublished), Department of Transport Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi, 2004