V. TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION

1. PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

A. COMPLETED PROJECTS
1. Congestion and Parking Problems of Selected Locations in Delhi
Duration

April 2005 to January 2006
Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi (R)

 

Present Status and Progress

The Study has been completed and Report Submitted.

 
Findings/Conclusions

Parking in all the nine selected study areas is a matter of increasing concern. Different types of vehicles require parking space in the CBD, business/market centers to meet their loading/unloading or shopping needs. However, vehicles used by people who work there often occupy much of the parking space (about 20 to 25%) for longer durations. Consequently the number of parking spaces remaining for shoppers, traders and visitors to business are eventually insufficient. Thus, ease of parking for people visiting business area/ market area leaves much to be desired. Further, the parking demand is also increasing due to the growth of private vehicles (Cars@10% per annum and 2W@ 6% per annum) in Delhi. The present parking demand in the selected study locations varied from a high of 7720 ECS (in Nehru Place) to a minimum of 1300 ECS (in Krishna Nagar). While parking space available in these locations varied from 3717 ECS to 1091 ECS. This indicates an acute shortage in meeting even the present parking demand. Therefore attempts have to be made to improve the parking situation by means of providing additional parking supply and regulating the use of parking space. The following actions are recommended to achieve better parking and subsequently improved traffic circulation and environment.

Future Policies and Strategies: The growing demand of parking cannot be met by providing parking spaces alone. However, there should be required minimum off-street parking to be provided to cater to the demand. Once this required minimum parking is provided, the policies and strategies of parking management should incorporate not only efficient methods of managing parking demand but also reducing over all travel demand by implementing TDM strategies. Further, the policies and strategies should encourage use of public transport, park and ride facilities, and car pooling. It is needless to say that the advancements in technology that improve facility design and user information (say variable message signs/GIS) should form an integral part of the policies.

 
Recommendations

A further study to identify the parking generation characteristics of different land uses is recommended.