7. Fare Policy and Pricing of Public Transport Services- Study on IPT Modes
Date of Start

June 2005
National Transportation Planning and Research Centre (NATPAC),
Thiruvananthapuram (R)


Scope and Objectives

The main objectives of the study are:
• To assess operational characteristics, load and lead factors, fixed and variable cost expenditures and earnings of different types of taxis and autos:

• To determine the minimum fare for taxis and autos

• To prepare a Price Index for Taxis and Autos Operations for understanding the periodical movement of prices of various vehicle operating costs inputs for taxis and autos:

• To prepare draft fare policy and pricing structure for various IPT services:

Interim Conclusions
As per the sample survey carried out in Kollam district,50% of the IPT vehicles are found to be less than 5 years old, 18% belong to 5-10 years and 12% between 11-15 years old and 18% of the vehicles were more than 15 years old. Among the new model vehicles, 50% of them are Tata Indica, Tata Sumo and Qualis makes.

The average fuel mileage for Ambassador Car is found to be 13 km/lit and that for Tata Sumo is 12 km/lit, Tata Indica 16km/lit and Qualis 12 km/lit. The cost analysis from the field survey revealed that the variable cost /km for different brands varied from Rs 3.21/- km for Tata Indica to Rs 4.08/- km for Qualis. The fixed cost/km varies from Rs3.04/- km for Ambassador to Rs6.42/- km for Qualis.

27% of Autorikshaw surveyed were found to be less than 5 years old, 45% of the vehicle 5-10 years and 23% between 11-15 years. Only 4% of Autos were more than 15 years old. The average mileage for Auto is found to be 29 km/lit. The average variable cost/km is found to be Rs 2.52/- km, and average fixed cost/km is Rs2.45/- km.
The detected cost modeling and preparation of cost tables for main parts operating system are to be worked out.