15. Impact of Open Sky Policy on Airport Terminal Infrastructure
Date of Start

January 2006
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi (R)


Scope and Objectives

(i) To study various government regulations and policies related to deregulation

(ii) To review the literature on aviation industry and airport planning,

(iii) To identify components where impact due to Open Sky Policy will be felt.

(iv) To study and quantify the extent of impact on various identified components at the terminal.

(v) To project the air passengers demand for the horizon year and analyze the degree of inadequacy in the Airport infrastructure for the horizon year.

The scope of study aims at collecting necessary secondary data with regard to air transport system, airlines and conducting necessary primary surveys in form of passenger opinion surveys. The scope of study includes the domestic passenger terminal.

The study frames out the broad objectives and data requirements from the past studies and the literature review. The data was collected through primary survey at the terminal 1A, 1B and 1C (arrival block). The secondary data has been collected from the Airport Authority of India and Architecture and Planning Department in the Delhi Airport. The impact has been studied at the existing terminal in the form of handling capacity of terminal and area. The various variables such as service time, queue length and dwell time at each activity of the terminal act as input parameters to the capacity and area calculations, the impact on users behavior has been quantified in terms of frequency of travel, purpose of travel, mode of access/dispersal etc. The demand of air traffic is projected for the horizon year using econometric model. The demand scenarios have been developed on the basis of different GDP projection, the passenger traffic at terminal varying accordingly. The impact on terminal for the horizon year demand is then studied and the evaluation is done in terms of shortage of area and infrastructure facilities.
Findings and Conclusions
(i) The terminal 1B was saturated in 2002 with annual passenger traffic of 14.5 lakhs as against the handling capacity of 13.3 lakhs.

(ii) The terminal 1A is handling 20.5 lakhs passenger in 2004-2005 which is 92% utilized of its capacity of handling 22.2 lakhs persons annually.

(iii) The terminal 1C is still under the threshold handling capacity of 39.2 passengers. It is presently handling 31.7 lakhs passengers annually, hence is 80% utilized.

(iv) Two runways are minimum required.

(v) To reduce runway occupancy time parallel taxiway to runway 09-27 and rapid exit taxiways for runways 09-27 and 10-28 are to be constructed immediately to increase the runway capacity.

(vi) On the southern side of the terminal airport land area is available to develop one parallel runway with parallel taxi track and rapid exit taxiway, apron and new terminal complexes.

(vii) For 2025, the area required for the terminal is almost double the present area of terminal building. The peak hour passengers would be 1200, 1900 and 1700 for t1A, t1B and t1C (arrival block).